Much of airborne moisture falls as rain on the windward side of mountains. This often means that the land on the other side of the mountain (the leeward side) gets far less rain—an effect called a “rain shadow”—which often produces a desert.
The higher the mountain, the more pronounced the rain shadow effect is and the less likely rain will fall on the leeward side.
The Windward is the side of a mountain that is facing into the direction that the wind is coming from.
The Leeward side is the wind protected side of a mountain.
Why are leeward sides of mountains drier than windward?
By the time the air gets to the leeward side of the mountain it has already lost some of its moisture.
Many of the deserts of the world are formed because of the lack of moisture blocked by the mountains. The Gabi desert is located behind the Himalaya mountain range in Asia.
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Jade is from South Africa and is the owner of Moon-Child.net
She has been writing content for various sites since 2015, with special interest in Environmental and Nature topics.
She is a permanent writer at The Mind Unleashed but has published work on Educate Inspire Change, The Spirit Science and has ghost written for a few other sites over the years.